Technical Info


This introduction assumes the reader has skills and experiences in GC and GC/MS analysis or, having no or limited experiences in pyrolysis-GC (Py-GC), is willing to learn and use it in the future.

5. Application areas of analytical pyrolysis

There are vast areas of applications for analytical pyrolysis.
The applications include polymer chemistry, food/daily commodity, forensic science, environment, energy, etc.

A wide variety of applications for Frontier Labs products are offered as Technical notes that are posted on this website.
Listed here are some examples of technical notes on such areas as polymer chemistry, food/daily commodity, forensic, environmental, and energy.

Polymer chemistry, polymeric materials

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Polymer composition, molecular structure, degradation, failure analysis

  • Determination of cross-linking agent in a polymer
  • Characterization of the network structure of UV cured resin
  • Analysis of yellowing of PVC sheet

Technical notes

  • PYA2-019E Determination of the cross-linking agent in cross-linked polycarbonate by reactive pyrolysis-GC/MS
  • PYA2-016E Characterization of the Network Structures in UV-Cured Acrylic Ester Resin by Reactive Py-GC
  • PYA3-021E Analysis of yellowing of a polyvinyl chloride sheet

Food and daily commodity

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Components contained in plastics, foods, cosmetics, etc.

  • Analysis of surface-active agent in cosmetic
  • Components analysis of beverages
  • Analysis of fatty acids in a cooking oil
  • Identification of volatile additives in a food wrap film

Technical notes

  • PYA1-070E Analysis of surface-active agent in mineral oil by Heart-cut EGA-GC/MS
  • MCA-004E Components analysis using “Magic Chemisorber®”
  • PYA2-030E Analysis of fatty acids in a cooking oil using an On-line micro Reaction Sampler
  • PYA1-023E Analysis of Food Wrap Films Using Double-Shot Pyrolyzer®

Forensic and criminal science

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Differentiation of ink stains and natural products

  • Differentiation of plastics, fibers, paints, inks, etc.

  • Differentiation of natural products (beeswax, lavender, etc.)

Technical notes

  • PYA1-067E Using a F-Search MS library to differentiate black ballpoint pen inks by Py-GC/MS
  • PYA3-016E Differentiation of Lavandula angustifololia (Lavender) species using EGA-MS
  • PYA1-077E Rapid differentiation of beeswaxes using EGA-MS and Py-GC/MS

Environmental chemistry

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Analysis of phthalates and flame retardants in polymer

  • Determination of restricted phthalates in plastic toys
  • Determination of flame retardant in PBT resin
  • Determination of flame retardant in polystyrene

Technical notes

  • PYA1-063E Analysis of phthalates in PVC by thermal desorption GC/MS
  • PYA1-052E Analysis of Brominated Flame Retardant in a Waste Plastics by Thermal Desorption-GC/MS Technique
  • PYA3-018E Quantitative analysis of red phosphorus flame retardant in polybutylene terephthalate by evolved gas analysis (EGA)-MS

Energy and biomass

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Qualitative/quantitative analysis of biomass and alternative energy

  • Characterization of fatty acids in algae
  • Determination of fatty acids in zooplankton

Technical notes

  • PYA2-022E Characterization of the fatty acid profile in algae using reactive pyrolysis
  • PYA2-018E Highly Sensitive Determination of Lipids in Zooplankton by Reactive Py-GC in the presence of Trimethylsulfonium Hydroxide

Rubbers, elastomers, and adhesives

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Component analysis of rubbers and identification using F-Search MS library

  • Compositional analysis of blend rubber
  • Identification of rubbers using F-Search MS Library
  • Photo, thermal, and oxidative degradation of EPDM

Technical notes

  • PYA1-047E Compositional Analysis of Isoprene-butadiene-styrene Blend Rubber by Py-GC
  • PYA3-014E Viability of Evolved Gas Analysis with F-Search and an MS Library for Qualitative Analysis of Rubber Products
  • PYA5-006E Photo, thermal and oxidative degradation of EPDM rubber using online UV irradiation PY-GC/MS

Paper and fibers

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Analysis of cellulose and lignin contained in plants

  • Analysis of cationic polymer used for textile and paper manufacturing
  • Determination of lignin contents in trees
  • Differentiation of plant fibers in cotton and hemp

Technical notes

  • PYA1-050E Quantitative Analysis of A Cationic Polymer Having A Quaternary Ammonium Salt on A Polymer Sheet by Py-GC/MS
  • PYA1-041E Characterization of within-tree variation of lignin components in Eucalyptus camaldulensis by Py-GC
  • PYA3-013E Differentiating plant fibers using Py-GC/MS

Inks, paints, dyes, pigments

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Construction of F-Search MS library for pigments/inks and library search

  • Construction of a MS library for pigments
  • Construction of a MS library for ballpoint pen inks from pyrograms
  • Library search using MS library of printer tonners

Technical notes

  • PYA1-079E Characterization of 35 organic pigments using multi-functional pyrolysis (Py)-GC/MS and development of a database
  • PYA1-067E Using F-Search MS library to differentiate black ballpoint pen inks by Py-GC/MS
  • PYA1-018E Analysis of Printer Toner Using Double-Shot Pyrolyzer and Peripheral Devices